Gup Terms & Knowledge

Beginner Terminology and Knowledge

Beginner Term & Know 2017 (pdf download)

1. What is the name of your TaeKwonDo School?  Bulsajo TaeKwonDo

2. Where does TaeKwonDo come from?  Korea

3. What does TaeKwonDo mean?  Foot Hand Art 

4. What is TaeKwonDo’s ultimate goal?   To make you a better person.

5. Who is considered to be the creator of TaeKwonDo?   General Choi

6. What year was the name “TaeKwonDo” decided on?   1955 

7. Approximately how old is TaeKwonDo?   60 years old

8. How long to martial arts date back in Korea?   5000 years

9. What type of TKD do we practice?  World TaeKwonDo 

10. When was it established?   May 28th 1973

11. How do you say “Block” in Korean?   Makki

12. How do you say “Stance” in Korean?  Suegi

13. How do you say “Punch” in Korean?  Jeroogi

14. How do you say “Strike” in Korean?  Chiki

15. How do you say “Kick” in Korean?  Chagi

16. What is your uniform called? Dobok

17. What is your belt called?  Dhee

18. How do you say “Hello” (formal) in Korean?  Ah-nyung-hasha-meeka

19. What are your ranking breaking Techniques?  This answer depends on the students rank.  Please use the Gup Requirement page.

20. What is your current goal in TaeKwonDo?  In the students own words.

 

Intermediate Terminology and Knowledge

Intermediate Term & Know 2017 (pdf download)

1. Who is your KwanJangNihm (Grandmaster)?   Nam Yell An

2. Who is your SahBumNihm (Master)?  Andrew Jefferson

3. How do you say “Friend” in Korean? Chin-goo

4. What does“Ah-ray”, “Mom-tong” and “Ul-gul” mean?  Low, middle and high

5. What does “Up”, “Dwi” and “Yop” mean?  Front, back and side

6. What does “Wein chok” and “Oh-reun chok” mean?  Left and right

7. How do you say “Form” in Korean? Poomse 

8. How do you say “Flag” in Korean?  Kukie

9. How do you say “Goodbye” (leaving) in Korean? Ah-nyung-he-KAY-say-oh

10. How do you say “Goodbye” (staying) in korean?  Ah-nyung-he-KAH-say-oh 

11. How do you say “Thank you” in Korean?  Gum-sa-hahp-ni-da

12. How do you say “You’re Welcome” in Korean?  Choom-in-ay-oh

13. How do you say “Bow” in Korean? Kun-yay

14. How do you say “Good Job/work” in Korean?  Sue-go

15. When and where did TKD become an “Official” Olympic medal sport?  2000 in Sydney, Australia

16. What is Poomse? A sequence of movements including blocks, attacks, and stance work. Poom-say is used to
improve our basics and further our understanding of martial arts.

17. What is Sparring? Practicing techniques against one or more people in an controlled environment.

18. Why do we do breaking? It builds self-confidence and demonstrates the effectiveness of your newly learned
skills without possible injury to a partner.

19. What are your ranking breaking Techniques?  This answer depends on the students rank.  Please use the Gup Requirement page.

20. What is your current goal in TaeKwonDo?  In the students own words.

 

Advanced Terminology and Knowledge

Advanced Term & Know 2017 (pdf download)

1. What does “Kukie-ay-kun-yay” mean?  Bow to the flag

2. What does “Hu-bay-nihm” mean?  Junior

3. What does “Do-woo” mean?  Classmate

4. What does “Sun-bay-nihm” mean?  Senior

5. What does “Keo-bum-nihm” mean?  Instructor

6. What does “Chung-shin-tong-ill” mean?  Concentration

7. What does “Chon-Kyung” mean?  Respect

8. What does “Ju-mok” mean?  Fist

9. What does “Balh” mean?  Foot

10. What does “Sohn” mean?  Hand

11. What does “Pahl-goop” mean?  Elbow

12. What does “Moo-rup” mean?  Knee

13. What does “Dido-do-rah” mean?  Turn around

14. What does “Bah-row” mean?  Return

15. What does “Ho-sin-sul” mean?  Self-defense Techniques

16. What does “Moo-sul-do” mean?  Martial Arts or the way of martial techniques.

17. What does is mean to be an advanced belt? In your own words please.  In the students own words.

18. What is the TaeKwonDo Philosophy? Respect each other. Be honest. Always help each other. Stand by the weak.

19. What are your ranking breaking Techniques?  This answer depends on the students rank.  Please use the Gup Requirement page.

20. What is your current goal in TaeKwonDo?  In the students own words.

 

 

More detailed and extensive Terminology and Knowledge:

  • Numbers:

  • 1 = Hana
  • 2 = Dool
  • 3 = Set
  • 4 = Net
  • 5 = Dah-sut
  • 6 = Yah-sut
  • 7 = Ee-ol-goob
  • 8 = Yah-dul
  • 9 = Ah-hahp
  • 10 = Yul
  • 11 = Yul-hana
  • 12 = Yul-dool
  • 13 = Yul-set
  • 14 = Yul-net
  • 15 = Yul-dah-sut
  • 16 = Yul-yah-sut
  • 17 = Yul-ee-ol-goob
  • 18 = Yul-yah-dul
  • 19 = Yul-ah-hahp
  • 20 = Sue-mule
  • 30 = So-roon
  • 40 = Ma-huen
  • 50 = Shi-heum
  • 60 = Eh-suen
  • 70 = Yi-roon
  • 80 = Yuh-deun
  • 90 = Ah-heun
  • 100 = Beck
  • 1st = Il
  • 2nd = Ee
  • 3rd = Sahm
  • 4th = Sah
  • 5th = Oh
  • 6th = Yook
  • 7th = Chil
  • 8th = Pahl
  • 9th = Koo
  • 10th = Ship
  • 20th = Ee-ship
  • Basics:
  • Hello = Ah-nyung-hay-say-oh
  • Hello (formal) = Ah-nyung-hasha-meka
  • Hello ( phone ) = Yum-ma-say-oh
  • Goodbye (leaving ) = Ah-nyung-he-Kay-say-oh
  • Goodbye (staying ) = Ah-nyung-he-Kah-say-oh
  • Thank you = Gum-sa-hahp-ni-da
  • You’re welcome = choom-in-ay-oh
  • Good job = Sue-go
  • Belt = Dhee
  • Uniform = Do-bok
  • School = Do-jang
  • Flag = Kukie
  • Jumping = De-ha
  • Turning = Do-rah
  • Hopping = Gul-ahl
  • Front = Up
  • Back = Dwi
  • Side = Yeup
  • Left = Wein
  • Right = Oh-run
  • Left side = Wein-chok
  • Right side = Oh-run-chok
  • Outside In = Ahn
  • Inside Out = Bah-kuht
  • Downward = Nay-reo
  • Low = Ah-ray
  • Middle = Mom-tong
  • High = Ul-gul
  • Round = Dole-yo
  • Yell = Ki-hahp
  • Form = Poom-say
  • Pattern = Hyung
  • Concentration = Chung-shin-tong-ill
  • Humility = Kyum Son
  • Respect = Chon Kyung
  • Water = Mul
  • Tae = Foot (old Korean)
  • Kwon = Hand (old Korean)
  • Do = Art or Way
  • Self-defense techs. = Ho-sin-sul
  • Martial Arts = Moo Sool Do
  • Mother = Um-ma
  • Father = Ah-pah
  • Titles:
  • Friend = Chin-goo
  • Classmate = Do-woo
  • Junior = Hu-bay-nihm
  • Senior = Sun-bay-nihm
  • Instructor = Keo-bum-nihm
  • Teacher = Keo-sah-nihm
  • Intern Master = Bu-sah-bum-nihm
  • Master = Sah-bum-nihm
  • Grandmaster = Kwan-jang-nihm
  • Commands:
  • Line up: Jool-sah
  • Attention = Cha-riot
  • At ease = Yell-jung-shult
  • Bow = Kun-yay
  • Bow to flag(s) = Kukie-ay-kun-yay
  • Bow to = (title)-kay-kun-yay
  • Begin = She-jahk
  • Stop = Goo-mahn
  • Turn around = Dido-do-rah
  • Lets go! = Kahd-ja
  • Hurry! = Bahli
  • Continue = Keh-sok
  • Return = Bah-row
  • Sit down = Ahn-ja
  • Stand up = Ill-u-soe
  • Switch feet = Bahl-bah-koh
  • Break time = Heu-sick-she-gone
  • Competition & Games:
  • Sparring = Ger-row-ghi
  • Sparring Stance = Ger-row-ghi-joon-bee
  • Red = Hung
  • Blue = Chung
  • Championship = Sun-su-kwon-dae-hwe
  • Competition = Si-hap
  • Contest = Kyung-youn-dae-hwe
  • Tournament = Kyung-ki-dae-hwe
  • Exhibition = Si-bum-dae-hwe
  • Chest Protector = Ho-gu
  • Safety = Bo Ho-gu
  • Judge = Hu-bay-nihm
  • Referee = Ju-shim
  • Time = She-gone
  • Victory = Mun-say.
  • Tech. Basics:
  • Block = Mah-key
  • Punch = Je-roo-ghi
  • Strike = Chick=ghi
  • Kick = Cha-ghi
  • Leg raise = Chow-lah-ghi
  • Stance = Sue-ghi
  • Attention stance = Cha-riot sue-ghi
  • At ease position = Yell-jung-shult sue-ghi
  • Ready stance = Joon-bee
  • Body Parts & Targets:
  • Arm = Pahl
  • Ball of foot = Ahp-chook
  • Blade of foot = Bahl-nal
  • Body = Mohm
  • Chin = Tuck
  • Elbow = Palh-goop
  • Fist = Ju-mok
  • Foot = Bahl
  • Forearm = Ima
  • Groin = Ko-Kwan
  • Hand = Sohn
  • Heel = Dwi-chook
  • Instep = Bahl-doong
  • Knee = Moo-rup
  • Knife Hand = Sohn-nal
  • Leg = Da-ri
  • Lower Abdomen = Dahn-jun
  • Neck = Mook
  • Palm = Bah-tong-sohn
  • Philtrum = In-choong
  • Solar Plexus = Mung-chi
  • Arch of foot = Bahl-bong-oh-ri
  • Waist = Hur-ri
  • Wrist = Pahl-mok
  • Stances:
  • Horse riding stance = Ju-choom-sue-ghi
  • Kicking stance = Bahl-cha-ghi-joon-bee
  • Sparring stance = Ger-row-ghi-joon-bee
  • Walking stance = Up-sue-ghi
  • Back stance = Dwi-koo-bee
  • Front stance = Up-koo-bee
  • Twisting stance = Koa-sue-ghi
  • Crane stance = Hak-tari-sue-ghi
  • Tiger stance = Beom-sue-ghi
  • Side stance = Yeup-sue-ghi
  • Left stance = Wein-sue-ghi
  • Right stance = Oh-run-sue-ghi
  • Blocks:
  • Low block = Ah-ray-mah-key
  • Middle block = Mohm-tong-mah-key
  • Outside in middle block = Mom-tong-ahn-mah-key
  • Palm out middle block = Mohm-tong-bah-kuht-mah-key
  • High block = ul-goob-mah-key
  • Add low, middle or high before block
  • Double block = Go-der-row-mah-key
  • Double middle block = Go-der-row-mohm-tong-mah-key
  • Knifehand block: Sohn-nal-mah-key
  • Double open middle block = Mohm-tong-hech-oh-mah-key
  • Double knifehand middle block = Go-der-row-sohn-nal-mohm-tong-mah-key
  • Knee block = Moo-rup-mah-key
  • Spread block = Hech-oh-mah-key
  • Palm heel block = Bah-tong-sohn-mah-key
  • Side block = Yeup-mah-key
  • Scissor block = Cow-ee-mah-key
  • X block = Oht-ko-low-mah-key
  • Knifehand X block = Sohn-nal-oht-ko-low-mah-key
  • Single mountain block = Wah-sun-tul-mah-key
  • Punches / Strikes:
  • Reverse punch = Bah-ro-je-roo-ghi
  • Low punch = Ah-ray-je-roo-ghi
  • Middle punch = Mom-tong-je-roo-ghi
  • High punch =Eel-goob-je-roo-ghi
  • Middle reverse punch = Mom-tong-bah-ro-je-roo-ghi
  • Back fist strike = Doong-ju-mok-chick-ghi
  • Hammer fist strike = May-ju-mok-chick-ghi
  • Side hammer fist strike = Yeup-may-ju-mok-chick-ghi
  • Palm strike = Bah-tong-sohn-chick-ghi
  • Knife hand strike = Sohn-nal-chick-ghi
  • Ridge hand strike = Sohn-nal-doong-chick-ghi
  • Elbow strike = Pahl-goop-chick-ghi
  • Knee strike = Moo-rup-chick-ghi
  • Spear hand strike = Pyun-sohn-goot-je-roo-ghi
  • Chickens wrist strike = Sohn-mok-chick-ghi
  • Vertical fist punch = Goat-jang-je-roo-ghi
  • Side punch = Yeup-je-roo-ghi
  • Reverse knifehand = Bah-kuht-sohn-nal-chi-ghi
  • Special Block & Strike:
  • Swallow block / strike = Jeb-bee-poom-mook-chick-ghi
  • Diamond block = Kum-gang-mah-key
  • Diamond middle block = Kum-gang-mom-tong-mah-key
  • Double ridge hand middle block = Sohn-nal-doong-mom-tong-mah-key
  • Stretching Kicks:
  • Front straight up kick = Up-chow-lah-ghi
  • Side straight up kick = Yeup-chow-lah-ghi
  • Back straight up kick = Dwi-chow-lah-ghi
  • Outside in cresent kick = Ahn-cha-ghi
  • Inside out cresent kick = Bah-kuht-cha-ghi
  • Kicks:
  • Front snap kick = Up-cha-ghi
  • Round house kick = Dole-yo-cha-ghi
  • Side kick = Yeup-cha-ghi
  • Back kick = Deep-cha-ghi
  • Outside in cresent kick = Ahn-cha-ghi
  • Inside out cresent kick = Bah-kuht-cha-ghi
  • Axe kick = Nay-reo-cha-ghi
  • Hook kick = Nah-ka-cha-ghi
  • Twisting kick = Koa-cha-ghi
  • Please add Gul-ahl for “Skipping”
  • De-ha for “Jumping”
  • Do-rah for “Turning”
  • Jumping front snap kick = De-ha-up-cha-ghi
  • Jumping round house kick = De-ha-dole-yo-cha-ghi
  • Jumping side kick = De-ha-yeup-cha-ghi
  • and so on.
  • Skipping front snap kick = Gul-ahl-up-cha-ghi
  • Skipping round house kick = Gul-ahl-dole-yo-cha-ghi
  • Skipping side kick = Gul-ahl-yeup-cha-ghi
  • and so on.
  • Turning back kick = Do-rah-dwi-cha-ghi
  • Turning inside out crescent kick = Do-rah-bah-kuht-cha-ghi
  • and so on.
  • Jumping turning back kick = De-ha-do-rah-dwi-cha-ghi
  • Jumping turning hook kick = De-ha-do-rah-nah-ka-cha-ghi
  • and so on.

What is the capital of South Korea?
~ Seoul.

If “Do” means ART or WAY, then what words do we use to represent them?
~Honor ~Respect ~Discipline ~Confidence ~Judgement

In what Olympics and where, was TKD an exhibition sport?
~ 1988 Olympics in Seoul, Korea.
~ 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.

Poomse from no belt to black belt:
~ Kicho (basic)
~ Tae-Geuk (Bigness-Eternity)
~ Palgwe (Eight Trigrams)
~ Creative Poom-say
~ Koryo


-Students should attempt to learn as much terminology as they can. Start by reviewing words used in your class.
*Terminology is written for ease of pronunciation and should not be considered to be the only possible spelling.
**Please ask instructors if you have any questions about the terminology or knowledge requirements listed.