Gup Terms & Knowledge

Beginner Terminology and Knowledge

Beginner Terminology & Knowledge 2019 (pdf download)

Quizlet.com Virtual Flash Cards

1. What is the name of your TaeKwonDo School?  Bulsajo TaeKwonDo

2. Where does TaeKwonDo come from?  Korea

3. What does TaeKwonDo mean?  Foot Hand Art 

4. What is TaeKwonDo’s ultimate goal?   To make you a better person.

5. Who is considered to be the creator of TaeKwonDo?   General Choi

6. What year was the name “TaeKwonDo” decided on?   1955 

7. Approximately how old is TaeKwonDo?   70 years old

8. How long to martial arts date back in Korea?   5000 years

9. What type of TKD do we practice?  World TaeKwonDo 

10. When was it established?   May 28th 1973

11. How do you say “Block” in Korean?   Makki

12. How do you say “Stance” in Korean?  Suegi

13. How do you say “Punch” in Korean?  Jeroogi

14. How do you say “Strike” in Korean?  Chiki

15. How do you say “Kick” in Korean?  Chagi

16. What is your uniform called? Dobok

17. What is your belt called?  Dhee

18. How do you say “Hello” (formal) in Korean?  Ah-nyung-hasha-meeka

19. What are your ranking breaking Techniques?  This answer depends on the students rank.  Please use the Gup Requirement page.

20. What is your current goal in TaeKwonDo?  In the students own words.

Intermediate Terminology and Knowledge

Intermediate Terminology & Knowledge 2019 (pdf download)

Quizlet.com Virtual Flash Cards

1. Who is your KwanJangNihm (Grandmaster)?   Nam Yell An

2. Who is your SahBumNihm (Master)?  Andrew Jefferson

3. How do you say “Friend” in Korean? Chin-goo

4. What does“Ah-ray”, “Mom-tong” and “Ul-gul” mean?  Low, middle and high

5. What does “Up”, “Dwi” and “Yop” mean?  Front, back and side

6. What does “Wein chok” and “Oh-reun chok” mean?  Left and right

7. How do you say “Form” in Korean? Poomse 

8. How do you say “Flag” in Korean?  Kukie

9. How do you say “Goodbye” (leaving) in Korean? Ah-nyung-he-KAY-say-oh

10. How do you say “Goodbye” (staying) in korean?  Ah-nyung-he-KAH-say-oh 

11. How do you say “Thank you” in Korean?  Gum-sa-hahp-ni-da

12. How do you say “You’re Welcome” in Korean?  Choom-in-ay-oh

13. How do you say “Bow” in Korean? Kun-yay

14. How do you say “Good Job/work” in Korean?  Sue-go

15. When and where did TKD become an “Official” Olympic medal sport?  2000 in Sydney, Australia

16. What is Poomse? A sequence of movements including blocks, attacks, and stance work. Poom-say is used to
improve our basics and further our understanding of martial arts.

17. What is Sparring? Practicing techniques against one or more people in an controlled environment.

18. Why do we do breaking? It builds self-confidence and demonstrates the effectiveness of your newly learned
skills without possible injury to a partner.

19. What are your ranking breaking Techniques?  This answer depends on the students rank.  Please use the Gup Requirement page.

20. What is your current goal in TaeKwonDo?  In the students own words.

Advanced Terminology and Knowledge

Advanced Terminology & Knowledge 2019  (pdf download)

Quizlet.com Virtual Flash Cards

1. What does “Kukie-ay-kun-yay” mean?  Bow to the flag

2. What does “Hu-bay-nihm” mean?  Junior

3. What does “Do-woo” mean?  Classmate

4. What does “Sun-bay-nihm” mean?  Senior

5. What does “Keo-bum-nihm” mean?  Instructor

6. What does “Chung-shin-tong-ill” mean?  Concentration

7. What does “Chon-Kyung” mean?  Respect

8. What does “Ju-mok” mean?  Fist

9.  What does “Balh” mean?  Foot

10. What does “Sohn” mean?  Hand

11. What does “Pahl-goop” mean?  Elbow

12. What does “Moo-rup” mean?  Knee

13. What does “Dido-do-rah” mean?  Turn around

14. What does “Bah-row” mean?  Return

15. What does “Ho-sin-sul” mean?  Self-defense Techniques

16. What does “Moo-sul-do” mean?  Martial Arts or the way of martial techniques.

17. What does is mean to be an advanced belt? Please answer this in your own words.

18. What is the TaeKwonDo Philosophy? Respect each other. Be honest. Always help each other. Stand by the weak.

19. What are your ranking breaking Techniques?  This answer depends on the students rank.  Please use the Gup Requirement page.

20. What is your current goal in TaeKwonDo?  In the students own words.

A little extra knowledge:

What is the capital of South Korea?
~ Seoul.

If “Do” means ART or WAY, then what words do we use to represent them?
~Honor ~Respect ~Discipline ~Confidence ~Judgement

In what Olympics and where, was TKD an exhibition sport?
~ 1988 Olympics in Seoul, Korea.
~ 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.

Poomse from no belt to black belt:
~ Kicho (basic)
~ Tae-Geuk (Bigness-Eternity)
~ Palgwe (Eight Trigrams)
~ Creative Poom-say
~ Koryo


-Students should attempt to learn as much terminology as they can. Start by reviewing words used in your class.
*Terminology is written for ease of pronunciation and should not be considered to be the only possible spelling.
**Please ask instructors if you have any questions about the terminology or knowledge requirements listed.